Haryana – the state has been a cradle of Indian civilization and culture which astonishingly combines both antiquity and plenty. The history of this state is glorified replete with myths, legends and Vedic references.
Haryana has the richest archaeological treasures of ancient Indian civilization including Harrapan and Vedic civilizations. Recent discoveries in Haryana exceed all records of archaeological excavations. Besides, discovering Banawali (2700BCE), Kunal (4000BCE) Bhirdana (approx. 7750BCE, oldest) in Distt. Fatehabad, Rakhigarhi (6400 BCE, Asia’s largest) in Distt. Hisar, their latest discovery is Farmana near Meham (2200BCE). The land has to its credit of being the possessor of sacred ashrams of great saints like Maharishi Veda Vyas, Markandeya, Kapil Muni, Rishi Pundrik and many more. In the quiet hermitages of Haryana were created early Vedic literary works of great merit and from its stones were sculptured some of the finest creation of Indian Art. It is the cradle of the Indian culture and civilization as well as the crucible for the emergence of a culture in India which has left for us a rich artistic legacy in the form of historical monuments besides having the highest number of archaeological sites (444 out of 633) in the country pertaining to the ancient civilization.
Yodhhey Ganrajya (approx. 500BCE) also known as Ancient Haryana, which was spread across current Haryana state, Delhi and western part of Uttar Pradesh was known as first republic of the world. Sarvkhap panchayats is one of its kind social administration and judiciary system started on this land in 7th century CE by Maharaja Harshwardhan of Thanesar which still exists.
In Medieval times Haryana witnessed the insurgency from west and was battleground of many important battles including three battles of Panipat, Battle of Terrain (Taraori), 1857 Mutiny.
Modern Haryana and Delhi region was carved out of North Western Province and merged with Punjab after 1857 mutiny by Britishers as strategic move to weaken the strength of NWP. From then till 1st November 1966 Harayana was part of Punjab state. It was made a separate state in Union of India on 1st November 1966, but its cultural boundaries are not limited to administrative Haryana state and the people of Haryana, Western Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Northern Rajasthan shares the same culture, folk religion, music, art and history.